Technology is a system of tools, techniques, processes, knowledge and raw materials that help people and businesses do their work. It is also the process of combining and transforming resources and ideas.
Technology has been used to improve society in many ways. For example, the printing press and telephone reduced physical barriers between people. The Internet makes communication faster and easier. It also allows people to connect with each other worldwide.
Technology can be used for peaceful purposes, but it can also have an adverse impact. For example, refrigerators are beneficial for a person’s diet. But the gas leaks from a refrigerator can have substantial negative effects on the earth’s atmosphere. The same technology can also produce unwanted by-products.
There is a wide variety of technologies that are being developed. Some of these new technologies are raising ethical questions. It is important to understand the benefits and harms of each new technology.
Technologists often have a poor understanding of the social impacts of their technology. Consequently, they point the blame for social problems at governments. But the government has few incentives to deal with issues of social concern.
In contrast, scientists can study the potential effects of their technology, including the environmental consequences of its use, as far ahead as possible. In this way, they can estimate risks and benefits and design the appropriate monitoring procedures.
Ultimately, the best solution is the one that takes into account all of the constraints. This is often an intricate process that requires coordination. It involves comparisons of various technical criteria, as well as market and environmental factors.