Law is the system of rules and regulations enacted by a government or a society. It protects and maintains property rights, human rights, and procedural rights. This includes the rights of people, businesses, and institutions.
There are many different kinds of law. One legal system is called civil law. Another is common law. These legal systems are based on explicit recognition of decisions made by courts.
A third type of law is religious law. Religious laws are based on religious precepts. Some religions, such as Judaism, Islam, and Christianity, have a written canon of rules. Others, such as Mormonism and Hinduism, have oral traditions.
Some common legal issues are issues with money, immigration, and housing. There are also issues with family, marriage, divorce, and custody.
A person who works in the legal system is called a lawyer. Modern lawyers typically have a bachelor’s degree in law or a higher academic degree, such as a Master of Legal Studies or a Doctor of Laws. They must also pass a qualifying examination to enter the practice.
Law is a political force that shapes history and economy. Various legal systems have been developed, including Jewish, Chinese, Soviet, Egyptian, and European law.
The United Nations has a Commission on International Law, which prepares drafts of aspects of international law. It also tries to promote progressive development of international law.
In the US, citizens can elect government officials and vote out bad ones. The government has a website that provides information about the criminal justice system.