Technology is a term that refers to a collection of techniques, methods and processes. It also refers to the material, tools and skills needed to solve a particular problem.
There are many different perspectives on the relationship between technology and society. They include co-production, symbiosis, and synergy. Most of the time, however, the relationship between the two is characterized as a co-dependent and a synergistic one.
Throughout history, the human race has relied on technology to solve problems. Early technologies were used to convert natural resources into simple tools. Later, the wheel enabled humans to control their environment. During the Middle Ages, technological progress was great. Despite this, not all technologies have been used for peaceful purposes.
One of the first recorded testimony on the philosophy of technology comes from ancient Greece. The early theme is the thesis that technology learns from nature. This theory is still prevalent in modern discussions of metaphysics of artifacts.
Another early idea is the notion that technology is a consequence of science. Aristotle wrote in Physics II.8, “Weaving, house-building, and other arts are the imitation of nature.” However, this idea did not mean that all technological development was the result of science.
Many philosophers have been critical of technology. For example, Karl Marx believed that ongoing technological development was essential to a socialistic society. He did not condemn the spinning mills of his time.
Other notable representatives of a critical attitude have been scholars in the social sciences and humanities. These individuals had little to no direct experience with engineering.