News is what happens in the world and is reported on by a newspaper, radio or television. It may be local or international and can include politics, war, crime, science, business, fashion, education, health and sport.
The best stories are usually those that are new and unusual, significant, interesting and about people. But it is not always possible to cover all the things that happen. So journalists must decide what is important and what makes the biggest impact, which of these things are likely to make people say “Gee Whiz” and so should be included in their reporting.
Many different factors can affect what is reported, and these include: magnitude (how big or small something is), proximity, controversy, prominence, a sense of urgency and how unique it is. But the most important factor is how it affects people. In a democracy, the freedom of the press is a vital part of a healthy society, as it ensures that the public are informed about what is going on in their country or around the world.
When it comes to writing a good news article, the most important thing is to know your audience. This is often based on the geographical area, but can also be determined by the type of report or the target demographic. For example, if you’re reporting on a school function, your demographic might be parents with young children; but if you’re discussing zoning laws in an industrial area your demographic might be property developers.