Automobiles are the means of transportation for millions of people around the world. It enables people to travel long distances in relative comfort and safety and reach places that are inaccessible by other modes of transportation. It is also used to transport goods and supplies. This mode of transportation has greatly impacted the development of the world and has spawned new industries and services. It also plays a vital role in providing mobility to handicapped persons. The automobile has become an integral part of the modern world, making it possible for people to live their lives to the fullest.
The modern automobile was invented in the late 1800s and was perfected by engineers such as Karl Benz. However, American businessman Henry Ford innovated mass production techniques that made cars affordable to middle class families, and by 1920, the Big Three automakers dominated the market.
Among the various components that make up an automobile, the engine is one of the most important, converting gasoline, diesel fuel, or kerosene into power to propel the car. The power produced by the engine is transmitted through a transmission system to the wheels, suspension, steering, and braking systems. These systems are supported and encapsulated by the chassis and body, which serve as a skeleton for the vehicle’s other parts.
The choice and arrangement of these systems is determined by the car’s intended use. A car designed for city driving may emphasize maneuverability and fuel economy, while a sports model built for speed requires an engine that is more powerful and a more sophisticated suspension system.