there are about 1 million species of animals and plants threatened with extinction in the decades ahead, says the latest report of the Intergovernmental Science-Policy Platform on Biodiversity and Ecosystem Services (IPBES). Scientist Forum of the united nations convened in Paris last week that in its last report said, the loss of biodiversity that will constantly impair the ability of the world to reduce poverty, food security and water and improvement of human health.
the Report, the first since 2005, warned of serious consequences for humanity than mass death and the degradation of nature. Report of IPBES that combines the work of over 400 scientists paint a bleak picture, where important things like food and drinking water endangered through loss of species and ecosystems.
the destruction of nature is unprecedented and increasingly rapid in the last 50 years has been driven by changes in the use of the land and the sea, the exploitation of living things, climate change, pollution, and invasive species. This development is also driven by the behavior of society, ranging from consumption to governance.
Why is biodiversity important?
Without the bees to pollinate the plants and trees turn carbon dioxide into oxygen, a basic human need like eating and breathing becomes more difficult to fulfill. But there are also other disadvantages that are rarely in the spotlight, such as the decline of medicinal plants and the loss of mangroves which protect the coastline.
While there are about 1.5 million species identified in the world. Scientists estimate the actual number may be approaching the ten million or even up to two billion. Many organisms are so small that they can only be identified as different species through DNA sequencing.
“If You think about biodiversity, You think about tigers and polar bears,” said Rebecca Shaw, chief scientist at the World Wildlife Fund (WWF). “The species that are very important – but also important is the species that You never see and talk about.”
“pay No attention to all complex interactions in the soil – and thought we could use fertilizer or pesticides and let it remain a productive soil of the same to the next generation – that’s stupid,” said Rebecca Shaw.
Report of the IPBES found that about a quarter of plant and animal species will face extinction in the next few decades unless action is taken immediately.
How can we stop it?
In 2010, the UN declared a “decade of biodiversity” to reduce the decline in biodiversity. But according to a recent report IPBES, of the 20 target set of members, only a few are successfully implemented. The report said, “efforts are urgent and concentrated” still can improve restore nature so that it can be used in a sustainable manner.
To avoid the negative effects of the loss of biodiversity until the year 2050 and so on needed policy changes “transformative”, wrote the authors of the report of the IPBES. They propose policy tools, including sustainable agricultural practices, provide incentives to the reduction of consumption and waste reduction, applying the quota of fishing that is effective, and trying to manage water collaboratively.
scientists also said consumer behavior is also very important for the preservation of the ecosystem and the improvement of the protection of nature. Consumers, for example, could choose to reduce beef consumption and eating fish sourced from the sustainable production methods. The authors also highlight the importance of developing the global financial system away from the “paradigm of the infinite” that only highlight the growth of the economy.